Best Ancestry DNA Tests Compared and Reviewed (2018 Update)

23andme ancestry DNA test logo 150x75  familytreedna ancestry DNA test logo  ancestrydna ancestry DNA test logo 150x25  thegenographicprioject ancestry DNA test logo

Do you want to get your DNA tested but don’t know which test to get?

You’ve come to the right place!

On MyFamilyDNATest, you’ll find the following resources to help you select the right test for your needs & budget:

  1. In-Depth Reviews of the best DNA tests sold today including AncestryDNA, FamilyTreeDNA, 23AndMe and the Genographic Project
  2. DNA Test Comparison Chart: a detailed feature comparison of the leading DNA tests.
  3. Best Choices for tracing your roots, finding lost relatives or building out your family tree.

This site is designed for mobile phones.

To learn about me and how this site came to be, read my About page.

Best Ancestry DNA Tests Compared

The following table provides a quick comparison of the 3 leading DNA testing services: 23andme, Ancestry DNA and Family Tree DNA.

Read my in-depth review of a test by touching REVIEW below.

Best DNA Test
AncestryDNA package
Family Tree DNA
FTDNA icon
MyHeritage DNA
MyHeritage icon
Living DNA
Living DNA icon
National Geographic Geno 2.0
National Geographic Geno icon
Best Choice IfYou want quick and easy-to-read ancestry reports. Also offers health screening.You want to find as many family members as possible, to build your family tree.You want in-depth information about your DNA ancestry. Professionals choose this one for a reason.Those on a budget. They have the cheapest autosomal DNA test.Those who want to research their potential roots in Britain and Ireland.Studying your ancient roots and your ancestors’ migration patterns.
Learn More
Learn More
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Sample Collection MethodSalivaSalivaCheek Swab (better for elderly & babies)Cheek Swab Cheek Swab Cheek Swab
Genotyping ChipCustom Illumina HumanOmniExpress-24 format chipIllumina OmniExpress Illumina OmniExpress Illumina OmniExpress Illumina OmniExpress Illumina OmniExpress
Ethnicity ReportYesYesYesYesYesYes
Paternal/Maternal Genealogy TracingYesNoYesYesYesYes
Relatives MatchingYesYesYesYesYesYes
Estimate Database Size2 Million5 Million1 Million1.7 millionunknownunknown
Family treeYesYesYesYesYesYes
Raw Data DownloadYesYesYesYesYesYes
Raw Data UploadNoNoYesYesYesYes
Participate In ResearchYes (with your consent)Yes (with your consent)Yes (with your consent)Yes (with your consent)YesYes
Results Waiting Period6-8 weeks6-8 weeks4-6 weeks3-4 weeks 10-12 weeksmore than 12 months
Visit Website
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What Do You Want To Learn From Your Family’s DNA?

Select a goal below to see my favorite DNA test for that goal – and why I selected it.

Learn about your ancestors.   Trace their global migration.   Confirm your ethnicity.

Connect with cousins.  Confirm long-held suspicions.  Know where you stand.

Use DNA to connect the dots.  Put your family tree research on autopilot. 

What Is a Ancestry DNA Test?

grandparents grandkids dna ancestry test

DNA tests are the amateur genealogist tool of choice.

Inexpensive ancestry DNA tests like the ones offered by 23AndMe,, FamilyTreeDNA and the Genographic Project have helped millions of people:

  • confirm long-held suspicions
  • trace ethnic roots
  • find lost relatives
  • connect family trees in ways never before possible. 

The consumer DNA testing market is now hitting critical mass. 

The DNA of millions of people is available online to match with yours. Every month, hundreds of thousands of people add their family’s DNA to the big 4 databases alone.

The good news is that prices have dropped significantly. You can get your DNA tested and analyzed by some of the major services for just $70 to $100.

The quality of consumer DNA tests is excellent now, too.


How Does an Ancestry DNA Test Work?

geneology roadshow

On the popular PBS series, Genealogy Roadshow, professional genealogists are using the same DNA tests discussed on this site to help families uncover the truth about their family heritage.  

If you’ve seen this show, then you’ve probably asked yourself, “how do these DNA tests actually work?”.

A family DNA test analyzes the 22 pairs of autosomal chromosomes found in your DNA to reveal a wide variety facts about your genetic connection to the human race. 

This 15-minute video by Maurice Gleason does a great job explaining the benefits and limitations of autosomal DNA testing:

Some of the things that your autosomal DNA can reveal about your heritage include:

  • your ethnic / racial makeup
  • where your ancestors come from
  • who your parents really are
  • whether you have royal blood

But no single genealogy DNA test does all of the above equally well. 

The ‘Big 4’ Ancestry DNA Tests

23andme ancestry DNA test logo 150x75  familytreedna ancestry DNA test logo  ancestrydna ancestry DNA test logo 150x25  thegenographicprioject ancestry DNA test logo

The family DNA testing market today is dominated by four providers:

Together, these companies store over 90% of the autosomal DNA records available to family researchers.

This is a critical fact, because the size of a DNA database means everything: you stand a much better chance finding lost relatives in a Big 4 database of 800,000 people vs. using a specialty service with only 50,000 or so.

The ‘Big 4’ tests share many things in common:

  • they are all designed for genealogy research
  • they all cost $69-$199 per person (DNA sample)
  • they all use the same basic technology, autosomal DNA matching. 

That said the information, services and tools offered by each test vary greatly.

It’s important to know your research goal to pick the right test for your needs.

Do You Want to Understand Your Roots?

  • Learn about your ancestors
  • Trace their ancient migration routes
  • Confirm your racial makeup and ethnicity

I recommend The Genographic Project by National Geographic.

thegenographicprioject ancestry DNA test logo

Price: $199genogaphic project

Why The Genographic Project The Best Choice for Tracing Your Roots

First off, National Geographic’s global Genographic Project offers the most comprehensive ancient history DNA database on the market.

Using a custom-designed DNA test (provided by FamilyTreeDNA), the Genographic Project is specifically designed tell you who your ancestors were, where they lived and how they migrated across the globe. It will also tell you your racial and ethnic origins.

Unlike pure autosomal tests that can only trace relations back 5 or 6 generations, the Genographic Project profiles your family history as far back as 300,000 years.

The Genographic Project also offers a slick and easy-to-navigate user interface for browsing through your ancestry. It’s good enough to give classroom or family reunion presentations straight from your laptop or tablet.

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Do You Want to Find Relatives or Confirm a Relationship?

  • Find missing parents and siblings.
  • Connect with cousins from around the world.
  • Confirm new DNA matches using advanced tools.

I recommend Family Finder by FamilyTree DNA.

familytreedna ancestry DNA test logo

Price: $79
FamilyTreeDNA Review

Why Family Finder is the Best Choice For Finding & Confirming Relatives

FamilyFinder offers everything a serious family genealogist would need in a single integrated platform. It was designed specifically to help families find and connect with new relatives around the world, and it does this better than any other DNA test.

Serious amateur genealogists will love FamilyFinder’s international DNA coverage, DNA record import capability, built-in family tree manager and native chromosome mapper. For larger projects (see example), no other service comes close to the level of support and tools that FTDNA offers.

FamilyFinder is also the only service that provides the private email address of each new match. This means you can establish private conversations with FTDNA’s responsive community of genetic genealogy enthusiasts.

If you’ve previously tested with another DNA service and want to extend your research, then you are in luck. Because FamilyFinder is the only vendor that lets you import DNA data from other services

Using FamilyTreeDNA’s FREE data upload feature, you can see if there are any new DNA matches waiting for you in their huge international DNA database that’s growing in size by 10,000s of people every month (Note: to connect with or verify matches, you’ll have to pay a fee).

If your family lives in several countries today, then FamilyTreeDNA is a great choice. People from over 200 countries have contributed DNA to their database.

Learn More


Do You Want to Build Your Family Tree?

  • Find potential new relatives.
  • Research your family history.
  • Connect your family tree with others.
  • Keep things simple.

I recommend AncestryDNA by

ancestrydna ancestry DNA test logo 150x25

Price: $99
AncestryDNA Review

Why AncestryDNA is The Best Choice for Building Family Trees

AncestryDNA keeps things simple!

And there’s a lot to like about that.

In business for over ten years, parent company maintains the world’s largest collection of family trees and the most extensive genealogical research data base anywhere. 

With AncestryDNA added to the mix, can now help you identify potential new relatives using your autosomal DNA.

Using their proprietary “leaf” alert system, AncestryDNA will automatically inform you when there is a new potential relative found in their DNA database. They offer unique tools that will help you triangulate and map your family trees with others, assuming the trees aren’t locked by the either party.

We love AncestryDNA’s user interface and their attempt to keep things as simple as possible.

That said, AncestryDNA does not offer a chromosome mapping tool, so you’ll have to purchase that separately if you want to verify your potential matches.

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A Final Note

I hope this website simplifies your quest to map your family’s genetic history

If you have any comments, clarifications or questions please don’t hesitate to contact me.

Good luck on your quest.

All the best,

Charles McKnight